A crew of archaeologists from america and Europe has revealed the primary instance of Paleolithic figurative cave artwork discovered within the Balkan area.
“The significance of this discovery is outstanding and sheds a brand new gentle on the understanding of Paleolithic artwork within the territory of Croatia and the Balkan Peninsula, in addition to its relationship with simultaneous phenomena all through Europe,” stated Dr. Aitor Ruiz-Redondo, an archaeologist on the College of Southampton and a postdoctoral researcher on the College of Bordeaux.
Dr. Ruiz-Redondo and colleagues discovered a number of figurative work, together with a bison, an ibex and two potential anthropomorphic figures, in 2010 in Romualdova Pećina (St. Romuald’s Cave), Croatia.
Additional excavations on the web site led to the invention of various Paleolithic objects: a flint instrument, an ochre crayon and several other fragments of charcoal.
Radiocarbon courting of the artifacts present an estimated age of round 17,000 years and different oblique knowledge counsel the work date to a good precedent days — at round 34,000-31,000 years in the past.
This discovery makes Romualdova Pećina the primary web site the place figurative Paleolithic rock artwork has been found within the Balkans.
Along with Badanj in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the 2 are the one examples of rock artwork from the Paleolithic interval on this space.
“Rock artwork is essential for understanding European Paleolithic societies,” the archaeologists stated.
“Lengthy thought to have been restricted to South-west Europe, latest discoveries on the Balkan Peninsula have expanded considerably the geographic distribution of Higher Paleolithic figurative rock artwork, calling into query the concept of its restricted distribution.”
The findings had been printed within the journal Antiquity.
Aitor Ruiz-Redondo et al. 2019. Increasing the horizons of Palaeolithic rock artwork: the positioning of Romualdova Pećina. Antiquity 93 (368): 297-312; doi: 10.15184/aqy.2019.36